Heart disease refers to when arteries become clogged. Over time, fats, cholesterol and other substances build up in the walls of your arteries to form a type of plaque. When some of the plaque loosens and breaks off, a blood clot forms, and blood flow to your heart is blocked. This usually results in chest discomfort called angina and a heart attack.
Coronary revascularization surgery is a heart operation that uses blood vessels to bypass clogged heart arteries. The goal of the procedure is to allow blood to flow to the heart the way it should.
More than half a million coronary revascularization operations are performed each year to fix clogged arteries. In this surgery, your doctor will take a blood vessel from your chest, leg or arm. One end of the vessel is attached to a healthy artery, and the other end is attached to the diseased coronary artery below the point where it is clogged. This creates a new channel, allowing blood to flow freely again.
The traditional "open" approach to coronary revascularization surgery requires that the surgeon cut through the breastbone – the body’s natural protective structure for the heart – and pull back the ribs to access the heart. This approach can prolong healing time, increase risk of infection, serious complications and even mortality.
If your doctor recommends bypass surgery, you may be a candidate for a new, less invasive surgical procedure called da Vinci Coronary Revascularization.
Shorter hospital stay
Less pain and scarring
Less risk of infection
Less blood loss and fewer transfusions
Quicker return to normal activities
As with any surgery, these benefits cannot be guaranteed, as surgery is patient- and procedure-specific.